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Image from page 628 of “Industrial history of the United States, from the earliest settlements to the present time: being a complete survey of American industries, embracing agriculture and horticulture; including the cultivation of cotton, tobacco, wheat
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Identifier: industrialhistor00boll
Title: Industrial history of the United States, from the earliest settlements to the present time: being a complete survey of American industries, embracing agriculture and horticulture; including the cultivation of cotton, tobacco, wheat; the raising of horses, neat-cattle, etc.; all the important manufactures, shipping and fisheries, railroads, mines and mining, and oil; also a history of the coal-miners and the Molly Maguires; banks, insurance, and commerce; trade-unions, strikes, and eight-hour movement; together with a description of Canadian industries
Year: 1878 (1870s)
Authors: Bolles, Albert Sidney, 1846-1939
Subjects: Industries Industries
Publisher: Norwich, Conn. : The Henry Bill pub. Company
Contributing Library: Harold B. Lee Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Brigham Young University

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e country in order to obtain them. It was the employment itself,and its great public utility in training up hardy, skilful, and energetic sailors,which won favor in the eyes of Congress. The policy adopted toward the fish-ermen was to make the tax on their tonnage extremely light, to permit OF THE UNITED STATES. 613 them to import salt for curing fish free of duty, to impose a heavy duty onforeign fish and fishing-products, to give a bounty to all employing a boatwhose crew were three-fourths Americans, and to negotiate treaties withEngland to secure for them fishing-rights in the British-American provinces,such as the right to land and cure fish in Newfoundland, to fish within thethree-mile limit of shore, &c. The bounty to fishing-vessels was of very earlydate : in 1855 it was made three and a half and four dollars a ton, accordingto the size of the vessel. Over ,000,000 have been paid from the nationaltreasury to the ocean-fishermen in these tonnage-bounties alone. Never was

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AN ANGRY WHALE. money better spent. The relief granted by free salt has been a valuable formof encouragement. Salt can be imported in the ocean-steamers from Englandmuch cheaper than it can be brought from New York and Wisconsin anddeposited on the coast, for the reason that the original cost is less. Thesteamers come this way with very light cargoes, and they are glad to load upwith bags of salt for ballast, and to carry it at a purely nominal rate ; whiletransportation from the interior of the United States to the coast is expensive.In 1870 the foreign salt consumed in the fisheries already amounted to60,000,000 pounds a year. The consumption has since grown to 126,000,000pounds a year. 614 INDUSTRIAL HISTORY The whale-fishery was the first, and for a long period the most important,of the fisheries. Beginning on the shores of Long Island, at Nantucket, andThe whale- in Massachusetts and Maine, with the employment of a few long-fishery, boats, which put out from the shore whenever a

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